The Battle of Uhud actually occurred in this site in northern Madinah in 3 AH (624 CE). After the Battle of Badr, this was the second war among both Muslims and pagan Makkan armies. The major goal of the Battle of Uhud was to assassinate Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) and destroy Islam.
The rulers of Mecca were incensed following the victory of the Muslims against the Meccan forces in the Battle of Badr. They were ashamed and disappointed that their great force had been defeated by a considerably smaller force. As a result, they sought to rectify themselves by eradicating Islam once for all. They assembled a significantly higher force and planned to attack Uhud (a little outside Medina). After several fighters abandoned their positions, falsely believing the war was ended, the Muslims’ early success deteriorated into defeat.
Because at that time, the pagans gathered a force of 3000 troops, 300 camels, 200 horses, and 700 mail coats. Wives and daughters of deceased Badr leaders joined the forces to see the execution of the perpetrators firsthand. Abu Sufyan was the commanding officer of the Makkan army, while his wife Hind was in charge of the women’s division. They were both non-Muslims and fierce opponents of Islam at that time. Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl and Khalid bin Waleed led the left and right sides, accordingly. Amr ibn al-As was designated cavalry chief, with the job of coordinating attacks amongst the cavalry squadrons. All three later converted to Islam and rose to prominence as Islamic generals.
With Muslim armed forces of barely700, the Prophet (S.A.W) departed Madinah toward the region of Mount Uhud and gathered up his forces for war. Zubair bin al-Awwam (R.A) was granted leadership of the force’s right-wing, while Mundhir bin Amr (R.A) was given leadership of the army’s left-wing. Hamza (R. A), the Prophet’s (S.A.W) uncle was appointed as the lead guard. Mus’ab bin Umair (R.A) was selected as Islam’s standard-bearer, and Abu Dujanah () was lucky enough to acquire the Prophet’s (S.A.W) sword (which was regarded as Zulfikar).
Prior to the actual war, the Prophet (S.A.W) had stationed 50 archers at Jabal al-Rumah under the command of Abdullah ibn Jubair (R.A). He (S.A.W) instructed them to remain there till additional instructions were given, regardless of the circumstances. If the Muslims were assaulted from behind, they were to hinder the adversary.
The two armies clashed, and a furious war erupted. The Muslim warriors focused their battle on the pagans’ eleven leading lights until they’re all killed. As the enemy force’s flags tumbled to the floor, the Muslim troops indicted the adversaries. Abu Dujanah (R.A) and Hamza (R.A) fought fearlessly, and their courageous achievements on the battleground would go down in Muslim war history as iconic.
Unfortunately, Hamza (R.A), the ‘Lion of Allah,’ was slain in the same fight he had won. He was murdered by the spear of Wahshi bin Harb, an Abyssinian servant who gained his release from his owner, Jubayr bin Mutim, with that precise hurl. Following the loss of Hamza (R.A), the Muslims were able to defeat the unbelievers, who escaped in the aftermath of yet another blow. The pagan ladies escaped as several of the Muslim troops surrounded them.
Moreover, the archers assigned with the protection of their religious brothers violated the Prophet’s (S.A.W) precise commands and quit their ranks, believing the war was finished. Forty of the back liners crossed the mountain, leaving the Muslims susceptible to an opposing strike. The enemies battled their way up to the Prophet (P.B.U.H), who was struck by a rock and collapsed on his side. His front teeth had been chipped, his bottom lip had been slashed, and his helmet had been broken. As an opposing soldier pushed his sword at the Prophet (S.A.W), his bone underneath the eye was seized, and two rings from the Prophet’s armor cut his face.
Mus’ab bin Umair (R.A) was assassinated by the enemy because he was the Muslim standard-bearer. Because Mus’ab (R.A) resembles the Prophet (S.A.W) to a large degree, his assassin, Abdullah bin Qam’a, believed he had assassinated the Prophet (S.A.W) and jovially declared that he had murdered Muhammad (S.A.W).
Then further, the Prophet (S.A.W) rightly chose to retreat. He maneuvered his men between the lines and effectively guided them to the mountain range. Through retreating, the Prophet (S.A.W) was able to save his troops from more casualties caused by mere violation of his instructions. Disobedience had turned the Muslim triumph at the Battle of Uhud into calamity, but with Allah’s aid, the Muslims were brought back from the brink.
The history of the Battle of Uhud really reinvigorates the Imaan of a Muslim and tells them about the struggles our Prophet (S.AW) and his people faced. Muslims nowadays can visit this miraculous place by obtaining all-inclusive Umrah packages. Along with the performance of Umrah they can visit such places as Mountain Uhud to refresh their faith.